3208-106 Spottswood St  
Raleigh, NC 27615  
Phone: 919-790-9090  
Fax: 919-790-0550  
EPA MACT Requirements for
Fabric Filter Leak Detection Systems
 
 
 
 
 
 
WHERE DO THE REQUIREMENTS COME FROM?
 
 
MACT stands for maximum achievable control technology.  If your industry has been identified by EPA as a major source of metals or other particulate emissions and you operate a baghouse for particulate control, you will likely have a MACT requirement to install a fabric filter leak detection system.  Although the language differs slightly from industry to industry, the effect is the same.   EPA requires that you follow certain procedures to ensure that data from the leak detection system is reliable (see the sample language below).
 
 
 
 
 
WHAT DO I NEED TO DO TO MEET EPA REQUIREMENTS?
 
The procedures for leak detection systems are spelled out in an EPA Guidance Document.  You may download the document using the icon below:
 
 
EPA Guidance Document
 
 
Baghouse leak detectors are installed as indicators of fabric filter performance.  The results from the leak detectors are NOT meant to be correlated with particulate emission test results.  The results from the sensor are recorded during a representative period of well-controlled emissions and alarm level is set based on those results.
 
The guidance document provides procedures for the initial and periodic setup of the alarm point.  It also contains required on-going quality assurance procedures to make sure that the monitoring system is functioning properly (see below).
 
 
WHAT ARE THE ON-GOING REQUIREMENTS FOR LEAK DETECTORS?
 
 
The EPA Guidance requires that you conduct the following quality assurance checks:
 
  - Monthly zero and span electronic drift checks, 
  - Periodic probe inspection and cleaning, and 
  - Yearly sensor alarm setup 

 
The Guidance Document requirement for monthly checks is shown below:
 
 
 
 
The procedures for conducting the electronic drift checks are highlighted below:
 
 
 
 
 
For some probe systems, these procedures require significant labor by a technician as well as specialized equipment to generate the required signals that are representative of the process (e.g., pico amps).  The G6-Plus sensor conducts these electronic checks automatically and the results are stored in modbus registers for display or logging.  In the event that a calibration check fails, an alarm is generated.
 
 
The requirement for periodic sensor cleaning can also be a labor-intensive activity.  The highlighted section below describes the requirement in the Guidance Document:
 
 
 
 
 
This requires you to periodically remove the probe and clean it, although it can be difficult to determine how often this cleaning must occur.  Excessive dust build-up can either cause alarm conditions to be suppressed or it can also cause false alarms.
 
MACT standards also require/allow you to set the alarm point of the leak detection system at least once per year.  The alarm point is based on the typical response of the detector during normal operation of the baghouse.  The alarm point also needs to be adjusted whenever the characteristics of the particulate change.  If the size, composition, or charge of the particulate changes; the response of the leak detector will change as well.  B3 Systems can conduct the initial installation and setup of the leak detector system (see Service Plan).  We also offer a yearly service contract that includes the yearly setup.  Because of the digital communication properties of the PCME network, setup and diagnostics can be conducted remotely using a modem or Ethernet connection.
 
 
 
MORE QUESTIONS?
Our team of MACT compliance experts are ready to answer your questions about how to implement the regulations at your facility.  We can also help with finding the right sensor for your particular application.
 
 
You can call us at (919) 790-9090 or E-mail us at sales@b3systems.com
 
 

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3208-106 Spottswood Street 
Raleigh, NC 27615

Phone: 919-790-9090
Fax: 919-790-0550
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